The memorials to these soldiers are pictured below.
9028 PrivateWILLIAM GEORGE FRANKLINRoyal Berkshire Regiment15th December 1917, Age 29
To the Memory ofCharney and Lyford Menwho gave their lives inThe Great War1914-1918
Lyford: N Coe T Brogden G Gilbert P Lay P Miles A Woodbridge F WoodbridgeCharney: R Brant W Franklin F Franklin A Haines W Read G Wheeler
Left to right: Mr W Cripps, Arthur Whiting (laying the wreath), Rev J W Coles
Poem by Olive Haines:
When the cruel and awful war was on
And many soldiers had willingly gone
To fight for their King and country as well
Many came home and many fell.
Amongst them all was my Daddy dear
My mother and sisters were left here
And how he cried that awful day
When his King and country called him away
But out he went so brave and bold
And in some beautiful words are told
That in their dreams they saw at night
Angels of God all clothed in white
But my Daddy never came back again
And on the stone you can see his name
For the monument is full of all
of those who bravely there did fall.
[Source: The Length of the Road Maud Ody P 85]
The people of Longworth and Charney support the war effort
From Charney- George Shorter, George Wheeler, Ernest Franklyn.
CHARNEY: A service of Intercession on behalf of our soldiers and sailors engaged in the war is held each Wednesday at 7pm. The church bell is tolled a few times each day at noon as a call to private prayer on the same behalf. We should remember in our prayers the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa, whose work is carried on chiefly in German territory. The sum of 7s. 8d. was collected in Church on Sunday, August 16, towards the Prince of Wales’ National Defence Fund.
Lady Hyde has kindly taken some “Quiet Afternoons” with the Charney mothers, and supplied them with material for making clothing for the soldiers and sailors.
Longworth parish magazine, October 1914 (D/P83/28A/9)
An earnest appeal to young men in Charney
A very interesting and instructive Lecture on the War, illustrated with lantern pictures, was given in the Schoolroom on Thursday, December 10, at 8pm by Captain F. C. Loder Symonds. The pictures were shown by Dr Woodward. There was a large audience. The lecturer made an earnest appeal to Charney young men to come forward and join Lord Kitchener’s Army.
Longworth parish magazine, January 1915 (D/P83/28A/10)
Charney Sees New Recruits
James Douglas (Territorial Reserves), Albert John Haines (Territorial Reserves) and William Sergeant (Army Service Corps) are among those who have recently joined the Army. Our prayers and good wishes go with them.
Longworth parish magazine, April 1915 (D/P83/28A/10/4)
Remember them in our prayers
CHARNEY: There is a service of intercession and prayer on behalf of our soldiers and sailors each Thursday evening at 7 o’clock. Seven of the Charney soldiers are in the Expeditionary Force, of whom four are in the fighting line, one in the Veterinary Corps, one in the Army Service Corps, and one has been invalided home wounded. Of the others, one is in the Canadian Army for Home Defence, and the rest are in England training. May we remember them in our prayers.
Longworth parish magazine, October 1915 (D/P83/28A/10/10)
CHARNEY: William C Whitfield has joined the Territorial Reserves; Ernest C Franklin has been invalided home. We shall remember them both in our intercessions.
Longworth parish magazine, May 1915 (D/P83/28A/10/5)
The school girls have worked a number of socks, mittens, cuffs and scarves for the benefit of the sailors on board H.M.S. Antrim which is in the North Sea. The school children have also subscribed the sum of 10s towards the Belgian Relief Fund.
Longworth parish magazine, January 1915 (D/P83/28A/10/1)
Thinking of our soldiers in the trenches on Christmas Day
Charney Bassett: The Services on Christmas Day will be a Holy Communion at 8:300am; Morning Prayer and Holy Communion at 11, and Evensong, with Sermon and Carols at 6pm. May Christmas be a happy one to all. It cannot be a very merry one this year, when we shall be thinking of our soldiers spending Christmas Day, it may be, in the trenches.
Longworth parish magazine, December 1914 (D/EX725/3)
The WWI Allied Victory Medal awarded to Private A J Haines.
[courtesy of Ruth Gerring]
A Bronze victory medal (also known as ‘Wilfred’), the ribbon originally attached would have been a double rainbow with red at the centre. The colours represent the combined colours of the Allied nations, with the rainbow additionally representing the calm after the storm.
The British version was designed by W. McMillan and depicts the winged figure of Victory on the front of the medal and on the back ‘The Great War for Civilisation 1914-1919’.
To qualify, an individual had to have entered a theatre of war (an area of active fighting), not just served overseas. Their service number, rank, name and unit were impressed on the rim.
Approximately 5.7 million Victory Medals were issued.
Frederick, William and Ernest Franklin
Frederick and William Franklin were brothers, and two of eight children born to John Franklin (Great Grandson of the protestant dissenter William Franklin, mentioned in the Methodist Chapel page), and his wife Charlotte. John himself had only died in February 1911.
Frederick was, according to the Longworth parish magazine, ‘the first Charney man to join Lord Kitchener’s New Army’. In January 1916 the magazine commented ‘We are sorry to have to think that Private Frederick Franklin, Royal Berks., lost his life at the Front some weeks ago, although the War Office at present has only notified that he is missing. We feel much sympathy for the mother in her long anxiety about her son, but can only think that he is one of those who have so bravely and nobly laid down their lives for King and Country.’ In December 1916 an amount of £4.8s.7d. was paid as a war gratuity to his mother Charlotte A Barnes (remarried), with a further £4 paid in 1919.
William was already an experienced soldier by the time war broke out; the 1911 census recorded him serving in Chakrata, India, as a private in the 2nd Battalion Royal Berks. Having been gassed in France in December 1917, he passed away on the 15th, in a ward of the Third Southern General Hospital based at New College, Oxford and is buried in St Peter’s Churchyard. The Third Southern had been established across a number of city hospitals and other large facilities for the duration of the war. His cause of death was certified as (i) oedema of the lungs – 8 days, and (ii) valvular disease of the heart. Oedema of the lungs was a typical symptom of having been exposed to chlorine or phosgene gas. In May 1918 war gratuities of £2.11s.8d. were paid to each of his mother Charlotte A Barnes (remarried); and siblings Henry, Rose, Annie and Caroline. A further amount of £19.10s. was paid to Charlotte in December 1919.
A third brother, Ernest Charles, had also enlisted in 1911, serving in the 4th Battalion of the Royal Berkshire Regiment. The Longworth parish magazine reported in May 1915 that Ernest had been invalided home; happily he recovered and survived the war.
The quotes are courtesy of the ‘berkshirevoiceswwi’ website and text by Darren Franklin.
Maud Thompson Ration Book (courtesy of Joe Ody). Click to enlarge and scroll:
WWII: War on Land
Evidence of the 2nd World War includes the spigot mortar base near the church wall and a machine gun loop in a hole in the wall of Charney Manor garden. A mortar is a device that fires projectiles at low velocities and short ranges.
The machine gun loop is for allowing a machine gun to have a certain area of fire from a protected site. It would appear that both these sites were for the protection of the bridge over the River Ock.
The following is an extract, p59, from the Oxfordshire volume of a book entitled ’20th Century Defences in Britain’ by Mike Osborne: ‘The simplest of all defences were loopholes. These could be inserted into standing walls … and were easily camouflaged with vegetation … at Charney Bassett a loophole commands the bridge over the River Ock, with a spigot mortar pedestal in front of the churchyard wall’.
Manor Farm World War II recollections – John Hobson: At Manor Farm there was a ‘hole in the high wall in the kitchen garden through which the Home Guard would be able to shoot the Germans (as soon as they had rifles to replace their pitchforks)’ … ‘similarly the tree trunks alongside the road junctions to stop the advancing German tanks may not have filled [my parents] with confidence. Removing the signposts may have inconvenienced the Panzer Divisions I suppose. It didn’t matter to us. We all knew the way to Buckland even if we seldom went there.
WWII: War in the air
There was a small airfield at Bush Barn, near Cherbury Camp, which was used by the RAF (as 44 SLG, Satellite Landing Ground, from 1941) and the Royal Naval Air Service (an outstation to RNAS Worthy Down ‘HMS Kestrel’ as reserve aircraft storage for obsolescent types from 15 July 1944) from 1941 to 1945, but very little flying took place. The airfield was reduced to Care and Maintenance in 1945. There are a number of buildings still in existence but are in very poor condition.
Trevor Hancock notes that ‘The book Military Airfields’ by Steve Willis et al. refers to it as just an aircraft storage base with virtually no facilities. From this and information provided by Robin J Brooks (author of airfields in The Second World War) it is noted that although it had three grass runways it saw very little use. The base runways were coded as QDM263 880yds, QDM281 1130yds and QDM341 980yds (QDM = Magnetic heading to the airfield) also given as runway dimensions:- 08/26 – 804yds, 10/28 (the longest) 1033yds and 18/34 – 896yds. The O/S Reference for Bush Barn is given as SU360962 (presumably at the centre). The airfield had no permanent control although the tower at Kingston Bagpuize often handled traffic intended for Bush Barn. Searching Discovery (the National Archives online catalogue) gives an entry for the Operational Record Book (ie war diary) for No 5 Maintenance Unit RAF (REF: AIR29/962) which had detachments at Kemble, Beechwood, Barnsley Park and Bush Barn. It’s not online so one has to go to Kew to view.
A Mk1 Avro Lancaster bomber crashed 200 yards south of Lyford church on 8th April 1945. The aircraft, HK788 of No. 9 Squadron RAF based at Bardney in Lincolnshire, had taken part in a raid on a benzole factory in Molbis, Germany. On its return flight the plane caught fire and crashed. The severity of the subsequent explosion (confirming that the plane was still fully laden with its bombs) blew out some windows in Charney Bassett. All seven aircrew were killed. Six were members of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. The seventh was a warrant officer from the Royal Canadian Air Force. All are buried in the Commonwealth War Graves section of Botley Cemetery on the outskirts of Oxford. In October 2008 the widow of one of the crew provided a plaque commemorating the seven dead. It was installed in St Mary the Virgin parish church, where the actor Richard Briers attended the ceremony and read Noël Coward’s poem Lie in the Dark and Listen.
In the Berkshire Records Office Guide to World War Two Records there is a document under ‘Bombing Raids’ cited as ‘Charney Bassett: Memorandum on damage to church, 1939-1945.’ Ref D/P83B/5/1. This is the account book of the church from 1765 until 1945. The memorandum reads: ‘Large window in south wall badly damaged and several panes of glass broken in other windows by the explosion of one of our Lancaster bombers which crashed with a full bomb load south of Lyford Church at 2.15AM April 8th (Sunday). Many windows blown out and ceilings brought down in the village‘. This is the last entry in the book and comes under a heading of 1945. On the same page, above, in payments is given ‘Repairs, renewing lintel of large window in south wall. 26 pounds‘, it is not clear whether or not this relates to the explosion damage.
Manor Farm World War II recollections – John Hobson: One returning enemy plane [from night bombing of Coventry] jettisoned its two unused bombs onto ‘The Strip’ but they did not explode. The bomb disposal unit came later and blew them up, having first told us to leave our windows open so that the blast wouldn’t break the glass.
One day towards the end of the war the skies over the farm were filled with hundreds of Dakotas towing gliders on their way to Arnhem.
Nearby, German bombs fell at Hatford. The old village off-licence received a direct hit in September 1940 killing three children (one local and two evacuees).
Evacuees in WWII
A family was evacuated from Lewisham in London to No14 Charney, now Brook Cottage. Their story is given in Charney Life > Memories.
Manor Farm World War II recollections – John Hobson: ‘Although no school-age evacuees were billeted with us, some of them would come down to the farm to ‘help’ or just watch the work. Watching the milking was always popular. They were far more worldly-wise than we village kids and half the time I didn’t really know what they were talking about although I pretended to. Adult evacuees were Mum’s preference. They included RAF officers’ families, some who were escaping the London bombing, and finally the Wallbridges. They had been missionaries in China before the war.’
Manor Farm World War II recollections – John Hobson: As far as Manor Farm was concerned it was our Italian prisoner of war who was the most significant wartime character. His name was Giancarli Fancesco ( surname first) – simplified as ‘Frank’. He was the son of a farmer in Giòia di Marsi, in central Italy. At first the POWs were delivered each morning by lorry from the camp at East Challow. Later though Frank and his friend Fortunato (‘Lucky’) were ‘housed’ in the loft over the dairy building – ever since known as ‘up Italy!’ The POWs got together whenever allowed and played football in the Meadacre.
Defence Regulations Direction
This is a Defence Regulation Direction to George Bungay on 20th December 1939, to bring the land at Minmere Barn into arable cultivation. [From Ruth Gerring]