This page shows a fascinating selection of the different maps of Charney Bassett through time.

Rocques Map of Berkshire (part) 1761
Rocques Map of Berkshire (part) 1761

 

Enlarged part of Roques Map
Enlarged part of Roques Map

Extract from John Roques Map of Berkshire 1761

The map represents the landscape over an approximately ten year period.

It purports to show field boundaries and land use, an innovative idea at the time.

There are inaccuracies as can be expected for the time. For example the fields are far too large, the number of fields in enclosed areas should be multiplied anything up to ten times.

The general characteristics of the agrarian landscape can be effectively gauged from the map although details are highly generalised, it is not a precise survey.

Open fields are easily identifiable by their lack of hedges and occasionally by their names (e.g. the East Field between Stanford and Charney Bassett). Areas with stippled lines denote arable land  e.g. to the north and east of Charney Bassett. The area to the south of Charney appears to be meadowland.  Common wasteland is generally annotated as such whereas parkland (e.g. just to the north of Pusey) is represented by trees.

Open and closed roads are mapped although this is not an infallible guide to all minor lanes.

The map gives a fascinating view of the open field areas that fifty years later had to be radically altered by the Enclosure Movement.

Village Map 1812
Village Map 1812

Village Map 1812

Depicting a very small village with a mill. Charney Wick is shown to the south west but is now the area to the south of the Church.

Village Map 1830
Village Map 1830

Village Map 1830

Showing Charney Wick to the south west.

TITHE MAP 1847
TITHE MAP 1847

Tithe Map 1847

Tithes were payments made from early times for the support of the parish church and its clergy. Tithes were still payable in kind in a majority of English parishes in 1836 but increasing resentment to this brought about the Commutation Act of 1836. Tithe commissioners were appointed to negotiate land values with local inhabitants and once agreement had been reached a Tithe Apportionment was awarded which was usually accompanied by a large scale map.

Tithes maps evolved from the Enclosure acts introduced in the 18th and 19th centuries. In many cases they produced for the first time a written record of individual properties in a community, and more importantly who occupied the properties. The list of who occupied the properties was hand written into a book together with the names of the owner of the land. Most tithe books also include the value, the purpose or use of the land.

Village Map 1883
Village Map 1883

Village Map 1883

Note the many wells, especially along New Road (this road was built late 19th Century), the cultivated land to the west and the Horn Inn adjacent to the Chequers Inn (The Horn closed in 1944). The Chequers is known to have been an Inn since early 1800s. The ancient cross is still there on the green. Charney Mill (corn) is shown as is the School (Boys & Girls).

Village Map 1895
Village Map 1895

Village Map 1895

Identifies a Smithy

Village Map 1899
Village Map 1899

Village Map 1899

Shows the Methodist Chapel (Weslyan) and Post Office in Chapel Lane, the School, the ancient Cross, the two Inns and lots of wells and pumps.

Village Map 1910 Revised 1923
Village Map 1910 Revised 1923

Village Map 1910

Revised in 1923. Little has changed since 1883 except for the addition of ‘Grange (Remains of)’, now the site of Charney Manor.

The School, Chapel, two Inns, Church and Mill are all shown.

Village Map 1977
Village Map 1977

Village Map 1977

There has been development along the Longworth Road to the north and New Road to the west. The orchard has gone to make way for a small close (Orchard Close), built in 1967. The Mill is no longer depicted, just the mill cottage. The school to the left of New Road closed in the early 1980s.

Charney Bassett, previously in Berkshire, became part of Oxfordshire and Vale of the White Horse District in 1974 as part of a national reorganisation of local government.

Village Map 2016
Village Map 2016

Village Map 2016

Shows the development along Buckland and Longworth Roads.

Parish Boundary 2016
Parish Boundary 2016

Parish Boundary 2016

An irregular shape encompassing Cherbury Camp to the North.

Conservation Area
Conservation Area

Conservation Area 2016

Charney Bassett Conservation area; Vale of White Horse District Council.

Field Names

Violet Howes recorded the following which are displayed in the Village Hall;

Field Map
Field Map
Field Names
Field Names