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Charney Manor

The Manor
The Manor
East face of Charney Manor

The Manor History

The first authenticated Charter to mention Charney comes from the reign of Ethelred 968-1016. A certain parcel of land … called by the celebrated name of Cyrne.

Monks – Harriet Salisbury

The present Manor House was built, probably on the site of a timber Saxon house (possibly as long ago as 821), between 1250 and 1280 (and possibly as long ago as 1200), in limestone rubble, as a central hall with two-storey transverse wings at either end, together with various outbuildings. It has a 17th century wing as well as later alterations and additions. It is one of the oldest inhabited houses in Britain.

The name ‘Charney Manor’ is misleading as it was not a medieval Manor. It was built as a grange by Abingdon Abbey, to house the steward or bailiff appointed to look after the Abbey’s lands around Charney. These were extensive and the size and elegance of the bailiff’s house indicate what a rich estate they formed. The Abbey’s rule was strict – Charney had to provide the Abbey with a specified number of bushels of grain and barrels of fish every year, it was the bailiff’s job to see that these were delivered. The fish was principally salmon from the Ock (a pre-Saxon word meaning young salmon). Salmon was a staple part of the diet in the Thames Valley in the Middle Ages. The Ock also provided crayfish which were on sale in Oxford until c1900.

The first recorded copyholder tenant is in 1467. John and Cecily Rokys and their son John were copyholder tenants of Abbot Ralph Haam.

The Manor of Basses was let to John Croke and William Chester. The manor of BASSES, afterwards corrupted into BASSETT, was in origin a copyhold tenement of the Abbot of Abingdon’s manor of Charney. It first occurs about 1467, when John Rokys and his wife Cecily and their son John Rokys, who had obtained it by copy of Court Roll from Ralph Haam, the Abbot of Abingdon, complained that his successor had put them out ‘for a singuler avauntage offred.’ It was Thomas Mansell of Mansell’s Court, apparently, who had offered the singular advantage, for in the same year he conveyed the manor of Basses in the Valley of White Horse in the parish of Longworth to John Croke and William Chester.  At the Dissolution the abbey of Abingdon was returned as seised of the manor of Basses.  It was granted by the king with Charney to William Gorfen in 1545, and has since followed the same descent as that manor. [Ref British History Online]

Until it was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1538 Abingdon Abbey was one of the great Benedictine establishments not only of England but of Europe. In the report made by Henry VIII’s commissioners the rent for Charney Manor, together with its pasture lands, was assessed at £35 10s 8d.

There are references to ownership by a great family called Fettiplace who died out in Elizabeth I’s reign and to renting by the Yate or Yates family and their family tree is given in Jasmine Howse’s Book ‘Charney Bassett through the Centuries’. John Fettiplace de North Denchworth’s (d. 1510) son Philip Fettiplace de North Denchworth and then de Charney (died 1546)  was resident in Charney in 1522 (from the Muster Roll) and son-in-law of John Yate marrying one of his daughters, Jane de Charney, by his first wife. [The Muster Roll of 1522 was utilized by Wolsey in a covert preparation for taxation in support of Henry VIII’s French wars and as such was a more detailed roll than it otherwise would have been].

Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry VII: Volume 1, 1485-1500. Originally published by Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London, 1955. 
1496. Indenture between Alice widow of Bernard Delamare of Spersholt, and John Fetiplace, ‘gentilman’ of Charney co. Berks, whereby Alice demised at farm to John with warranty the manor of Mauncelescourt in Pusey, with all lands and tenements, meadows, lesues, pastures, heriets, rents, fines and hereditaments etc. in Oxford and Berks, as widely as John Sely now holds, from the Annunciation next for a term of twenty years, paying five marks annually to Alice or her assigns, with the usual clause of distress and re-entry into the premises after half a year’s default of rent, and John shall be responsible during the term for the rents due to the chief lords of the fee, and for payment of the fifteenth to the king: and he will leave the manor in good repair at the end of the lease. Witnesses: John Pusey, John Harrys, Richard Combe, Thomas Praty, Thomas Godelake. Dated Spersholte, 3 September, 12 Henry VII.

Country Life notes that: In 1545 Charney Manor was granted to Gorfen of Reading, he died in 1547 and left it to his sister Alice Gorfen who subsequently bequeathed it to Chidiock Paulet (third son of the first Marquess of Winchester).

The Great Seal

Image of great seal

One Great Seal

Berkshire Records Office posted in ‘This month’s highlight on 01 Dec 2011’.

This is something we ‘discovered’ during reboxing at stocktake, amongst papers from the Bouverie-Pusey family.

In a bundle of deeds for manors in Charney Bassett was one that had a very large seal appended to it.  The deed in question dated from 1552, and it was a ‘licence to alienate’ given to the Gorfen family.  The licence allowed the Gorfen family, who had no direct heirs, to pass their title to the manors to their distant relatives, the Paulet family.

Because the manors had previously belonged to Abingdon Abbey, the Gorfens had to ask the King to give them permission to transfer the title.  Hence the seal: for this is a Great Seal. One side shows the monarch on his or her throne, and the other typically shows them on horseback.

Now we’ve got a fair few Great Seals, but not one for this monarch: Edward VI, the Tudor boy King. And what a fantastically detailed Great Seal it is of the young man upon his steed, looking regal, active and powerful. Sadly not an imitation of life: for he died a year later from tuberculosis.

Paulet’s son sold it in 1582 to William Dunch of Little Wittenham (squire to Queen Elizabeth I and formerly auditor of the Mint to Henry VIII) who died in 1597. It remained in Dunch’s hands until Edmund Dunch, a descendant of the Pusey branch of the family, left it in 1705 to his sister’s husband Francis Keck of Great Tew (who had the map of the area drawn up). This map gives us the first image of the Manor (with St Peter’s on the right and a dovecote above and to the right):

It continued in the Keck family until the beginning of the 19th century, when it was sold by George Anthony Legh Keck to James Crowdy, Thomas Price Belcher, Daniel Giles and William Pinder.

In 1806 [perhaps this should be 1807 or 1808 to tie in with the 1806 newspaper article below?] it had become ‘the property of Mr. Bushnell of Wallingford‘.

In 1833 the Rev. John Bushnell, rector of Beenham, near Reading, sold ‘Charney otherwise Cerney otherwise Cerney Basses and Weeks‘ to Mr. Philip Pusey of Pusey (see below).

Oxford Journal – Saturday 15 January 1803

Oxford Journal – Saturday 15 January 1803

To be SOLD by AUCTION, early in the Month of February, 1803, (unless previously disposed of by Private Contract, of which Notice will be given) – MANOR of CHARNEY, in the County of Berks, and Four very valuable Freehold DAIRY and ARABLE FARMS, situate at Charney, in the several Occupations of William Dewe, James Keep, Richard Beesley, and Mrs. Woodbridge, Tenants at Will. Also, the Site of a WATER CORN MILL, well supplied with Water by the River Ock and two small Quantities of MEADOW GROUND thereto belonging. A well-accustomed PUBLIC HOUSE, situate in Charney, with the Garden and Orchard thereto belonging; and several COTTAGES, situate in Charney.

The Estates will be fold in Lots, and Possession may be had at Lady-Day next.

Charney is pleasantly situated about five Miles from Wantage, six from Faringdon, twelve from Oxford, ten from Abingdon, and within the Distance of two Miles from the Turnpike Road leading from Oxford and Abingdon to Faringdon.-Printed Particulars, and Conditions of Sale, will be ready to be delivered fourteen Days previous to the Auction. For further Particulars, and to treat by Private Contract, apply to Mess. Crowdy and Son, Solicitors, Highworth, Wilts; or Mr. Pinder, Solicitor, Wantage.

And guess who bought the manor? James Crowdy, William Pinder, the two solicitors mentioned, plus Thomas Price Belcher and Daniel Giles. Certainly Crowdy bought to make a profit out of enclosure, he sold his holdings in 1804. [BH]

Sale of The Manor in 1807

Star (London) – Monday 14 December 1807

Star (London) – Monday 14 December 1807
TO BE SOLD, either together, or in Lots,
THE MANOR of CHARNEY, with its Rights, Members and Appurtenances in the County of Berks, with the very desirable several Farms and Lands thereto belonging, in the occupation of Messrs. Woodbridge, Pyke, and Sims, Tenants, at Will, containing 492 Acres or thereabouts.
Charney is situate about ten miles from Oxford, eight from Abingdon, and six (from Farringdon, in a fine Sporting Country, and near the Turnpike Road, leading from Oxford and Abingdon to Farringdon, Cirencester, and Gloucester, and the Estate is well worth the attention of any person, either to let or occupy. For further particulars and to treat for the purchase of the whole, or any part of the Estate, apply to Mr. Morland, Solicitor, Abingdon.

Reading Mercury – Monday 27 July 1829

Reading Mercury – Monday 27 July 1829
MANOR OF CHARNEY, BERKS. TO BE LET for a term of years, the MANOR of CHARNEY, in the county of Berks, well stocked with Game. Full particulars may be had by applying to Mr. Graham, solicitor, . Newbury.

In 1832 an Act was created to enable the sale of the Manor or Lordship of Charney etc by Rev Bushnell (Rector of Beenham nr Reading) to Mr Philip Pusey.

8th June 1832 – Bushnell’s Estate Bill.
¶Hodie 2a vice lecta est Billa, intituled, “An Act to enable The Reverend John Bushnell, and the Trustees of the Will of John Bushnell Esquire, deceased, to effect a Sale to Philip Pusey Esquire of the Manor or Lordship of Charney, in the County of Berks.”

Ordered, That the said Bill be committed to the Consideration of the Lords present this Day:

Their Lordships, or any Five of them, to meet on the 19th of this instant June, at Ten o’Clock in the Forenoon, in the Prince’s Lodgings, near the House of Peers; and to adjourn as they please.

In 1851 a book was published with an account of The Manor and with some splendid drawings which form an invaluable record of the building at that time. More of which in the Architecture Section further down this page. 
‘Some account of domestic architecture in England, from the conquest to the end of the thirteenth century, with numerous illustrations of existing remains from original drawings.
By R. Hudson Turner. (1815-1852)
Oxford, John Henry Parker; and 377, Strand, London.
M DCCCLI. [1851]’

The house and adjoining farm became separate from The Manor. Mellany Stephens sold the manor in 1906 to William Price, who employed the architect William Weir to convert it into a ‘gentleman’s’ residence in the Cotswold Arts & Crafts style. All existing barns and outbuildings were demolished, a new north wing was added, and the main block was remodelled. The main East front door coming from an Exeter goal! 

William Price is the Price from Price, Waterhouse, Coopers the auditing firm.

In 1909 the Pusey estate sold the village which was acquired by Berkshire County Council for division into smallholdings.

Maud Ody notes that the Manor was owned by Hon R G Whitely (1920s) and he lived there and had a golf course at the (new) entrance. He put it up for sale in 1924 (see below).

The Manor was acquired by Mrs Lucy Grace Waterhouse in 1925 (neé Palgrave), widow of Paul Waterhouse ‘the distinguished architect, and herself an authority on historical associations, old furniture and‘ The Manor. An interesting article in  ‘Britannia and Eve’ (Sunday 1 Feb 1931 – Other people’s houses by Pamela Murray) describes the house at that time. Lucy Grace Palgrave was born 1862 in Reigate and died 1960 in Poole. She married Paul Waterhouse in 1887 in St George’s Hanover Square Belgravia. He was born 1862 in Fallowfield (District of Manchester) and died in Berkshire (Bradfield Registration District). They lived together in Hemel Hempstead before his death and Lucy was in residence in Charney Manor in 1939.

‘A History of Charney Manor’ by Harriet Salisbury was written in 1989 and can be downloaded as PDFs here: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3.

Youth Hostel?
Reading Standard – Friday 09 April 1948: Youth Hostels Last week-end walkers of the Reading group of the Youth Hostels Association stayed at the youth hostel at Holmbury St. Mary, which was specially built shortly before the war with the aid of a grant from the King George’s Jubilee Trust. The party reached the hostel from Guildford by way of St. Martha’s Chapel and the Silent Pool. The Sunday’s walk took them over Leith Hill. This week-end walkers and cyclists are visiting the Charney Bassett hostel in the Vale of the White Horse. The full programme of the group may be obtained from the hon. secretary at 126, Elm Park Rood Reading.

Reading Standard – Friday 16 April 1948 BERKSHIRE ANTIQUITIES Local Cyclists Visit the Downs Last week-end a party of cyclists of the Reading Group of the Youth Hostels Association stayed at the hostel at Charney Bassett in the Yale of the White Horse, to explore some of the antiquities of Berkshire. The outward run took them via Yattendon, Hampstead Norris and Wantage. On the morrow the that halt was at the ancient Tithe Barn at Great Coxwell built by the monks of the Cistertian order in the 14th century. and in continuous use since then, the original oak timbers still supporting the tallest tithe barn In Britain. The party moved on through Uffington to the famous Blowing Stone which local people say was used for summoning King Alfred’s men in times of trouble. The stone has been moved from its vantage point on the hills, to the safe custody of a cottage garden following an attempt to remove it by some over enthusiastic souvenir hunters. The Journey was resumed along the Berkshire Ridgeway to the ramparts of Uffington Castle. where a close-up was obtained of the White Horse itself seen only vaguely from the Vale, but now restored to its pristine grandeur after a temporary eclipse during the war on grounds of security. Close by, the party also admired the ancient monument of Wayland Smith’s Cave. After a run down from the Ridgeway, the party followed the Lambourn Valley to Newbury and thence returned to Reading. This week-end walkers are staying at the Hannington Hostel on the North Hampshire Downs, followed the next week-end by a conducted tour of London Airport at Heath Row.

The Manor today
In 1948 Lucy and Henry Gillett, from very active Quaker families, bought the Manor House, partly because of the Quaker presence in the village in the early years of Quakerism and gave it to the Society of Friends (Quakers) to be a centre of Quaker activities. It is now a Conference and Retreat Centre known as a quiet and safe venue for delegates involved in conflict resolution and international affairs. It also provides facilities for groups which include charities, businesses, medical and research staff, musicians, authors and artists.


Sheila Terry worked at The Manor for many years ending up as the manager helping it though some difficult years. Her fascinating memories of The Manor are given here.

The Solar

The Solar was usually a private room located on the floor above the great hall in a manor house. The solar served as a kind of parlour to which the family of the owner of the manor house could retire from the bustling communal living of the hall below.

It was accessed via an external staircase, perpendicular to the north wall as shown in the 1851 architectural drawings. The entrance to the Solar being hard up against the Chapel wall rather than where it is now – moved presumably so that it could be accessed conveniently via the ‘new’ corridor attached to the east side of the building.

The Western window of The Solar
The ‘missing’ window in the SW corner clearly showing that The Solar was shortened at the southern end.
The ‘Nuns’ head carving in the doorway of The Solar. The doorway was originally further to the east and was accessed by an external staircase.
A window in the 'Solar' by JM Macintosh, RBA From ‘Islands of the Vale’ by Eleanor G Hayden. 1908
A window in the ‘Solar’ by JM Macintosh, RBA
From ‘Islands of the Vale’ by Eleanor G Hayden. 1908
Solar and Chapel

c1960. The thirteenth-century solar and chapel in Charney Manor. 

[Vale of the White Horse – pocket images Nigel Hammond & Jim Brown]

The Chapel

The Chapel is on the first floor and accessed from The Solar and is described more fully on a separate page click here.

The Undercroft

The Undercroft sits below the Solar and Chapel and consists of two rooms, one main room with a large fireplace and huge cross beams (supporting the floor of the solar) and a smaller store room directly below the Chapel with just two slit windows.

The current door on the the NE of the undercroft (accessed via the corridor) would originally have opened straight out into the courtyard.


Outside of leaflet
Outside of leaflet
Inside of leaflet
Inside of leaflet

‘Near Oxford’ by H T Inman M.A. published in 1904

Click to enlarge and scroll.

Reading Standard – Saturday 17 May 1924
The engagement is announced between the Hon. R. G. Whiteley, of Charney Manor, Berkshire; and Gladys Joan, only daughter of the late Mr. J. Lenton, of Bedford.

Sale of The Manor in 1924
The Manor was put up for sale June 1924 (by Hon R G Whitely) and the sales literature is held in The Berkshire Records Office, Reading ref DEP/7. Extracts, mainly relating to the gardens, are given below. 

The Grounds and Pleasure Gardens: which are mainly entered from the Entrance Hall by the West Porch, are quite a feature of the property, the present owner having spend a considerable amount of money in bringing them up to their present state of perfection. They were laid out but the well-known Landscape Gardener Norman Gauntlett, of Chiddingfold, Surrey, and are mainly surrounded by a high stone wall, covered with a great variety of flowering shrubs, and miniature stone walls flanked with masses of rock plants dividing the terraces. On the Upper Terrace there are two fine Irish Yews of about 500 years old. Stone steps to Lower Terrace which is surrounded by herbaceous borders, clumps of Rhododendrons and many other rare and uncommon flowering shrubs. There is a full-sized grass court, also a well laid out hard court (cinder).

The paddock adjoining has been converted by the owner into an excellent 5-hole miniature Golf course with 5 tees.

On the opposite side of the road there is a small full bearing apple orchard.


The Vendor at present rents the Shooting rights over 1,350 acres of Partridge land from the Berkshire County Council …. At the nominal rent of £50 per annum, which includes the fishing rights for 2 miles in the Trout Stream called “The Ock”.


In 1851 a book was published with an account of The Manor and with some splendid drawings. This predates the major changes to the building in the C20th and so forms an invaluable record of the building at that time.
‘Some account of domestic architecture in England, from the conquest to the end of the thirteenth century, with numerous illustrations of existing remains from original drawings.
By R. Hudson Turner. (1815-1852)
Oxford, John Henry Parker; and 377, Strand, London.
M DCCCLI. [1851]’

A full copy of the book can be read on-line; click here.

An extract of the Charney Manor Section can be downloaded here.

The architecture and changes to the building are set out and discussed in a paper entitled Larger Medieval Houses in the Vale of White Horse. By C. R. J. Currie published in Oxeniensia Volume LVII (1992)

The original publication can be found here.

A copy is available as a pdf here Larger Medieval Houses in VWH Currie.

A plan from the paper is given below.

Newbury District and Field Club

The following are extracts from the Newbury and District Field Club [Founded in 1870 the Field Club is Newbury’s local history society with additional interests in all aspects of the Newbury district’s natural history, geology etc.]

Volume 10/1, 31, 32 [Pub : 1951-1958]

Capture 1 Capture 2 Capture 3 Capture 4

Volume 12/4, 42-48, 43-44, 46 [Pub : 1970-1981]

Capture 1Capture 2Capture 3Capture 4Capture 5Capture 6Capture 7

More recent archaeological investigations have taken place and these are described here.

  1. Manor Tennis Court Investigations.

2. Geophysical Surveys of the grounds.

Reading Standard – Friday 16 October 1953
Over 100 members of the Berkshire Archaeological Society attended the first meeting of the autumn session at Reading University on Saturday, when Dr. Margaret Wood, who has recently come to reside in Berkshire, gave a lecture on thirteenth century domestic architecture. Dr. Wood is an authority on this subject, and her survey of domestic buildings of this period remaining in England was published as a supplementary volume by the Royal Archaeological Institute three years ago. Dr. Wood showed that the 13th century domestic house even of kings was a collection of buildings joined together by connecting corridors. Planning and compactness did not seem to have been attempted, but there were generally recognizable features which were common to the period. The great hall at which manorial business could be transacted was a usual survival, then there would be a solar or day room, often with window seats and a small chapel. The Berkshire examples are Appleton Manor, which was built about 1210, having a ground floor hall with moulded entrance and two service doorways, and Charney Bassett (1280), which retains original work in the south wing with a solar and chapel on undercrofts. The remaining examples illustrated were taken from 70 or so other survivals of this period in England and showed the remarkable wealth of detail and fittings, which have come down from that early date.

Reading Evening Post – Thursday 11 April 1968

‘Gallivanting round stately homes THE BRITISH are good at stately homes. Like ceremonies, it is one of the things we “do well.”

It will probably surprise you to see just how many stately homes and castle are open. and what tremendous variety and richness there is in these country dwellings. Just to read the catalogue is absorbing. For instance ……… The oldest surviving open plan manor is Charney Manor dated about 1200 in Charney Bassett…….Apart from Charney Manor (open Thursdays and Sundays. 3pm to 5) in Berkshire there are the Abbey buildings in Abingdon….’

Marylebone Mercury – Friday 30 May 1975

Marylebone Mercury – Friday 30 May 1975

CHARNEY Manor – A beautiful medieval Manor House, walled garden, tennis, croquet. putting, golf within 4 miles. Ideal for that long-awaited rest away from it all. full board £5.30 day. – Tel. West Hanney, 206 or write John Godsall, Charney Manor. Charney, Basset. Nr. Wantage.
T 43-30

North Wilts Herald – Friday 01 July 1938 Manor Cook
North Wilts Herald – Friday 01 July 1938 Manor Gardener

1841 Census Charney Manor

NameSexAgeYear BornWhere Born
Dewe. ThomasM551786Berkshire
Dewe, MaryF541787Berkshire
Dewe, AnnF501791Berkshire
Peaple, SarahF221819Berkshire

1851 Census Charney Manor

NameRelationMarital StatusSexAgeYear BornOccupationWhere Born
Dewe, ThomasHeadUnmarriedM701781Farmer of 200 Acres, employing 16 labourersCharney, Berkshire
Dewe, MarySisterUnmarriedF721779Charney, Berkshire
Dewe, AnnSisterUnmarriedF631788Charney, Berkshire
Dewe, JosephNephewUnmarriedM241827Milton, Berkshire
Looker, MaryannServantUnmarriedF261825Kingston, Berkshire
Elbrow, HarrietServantUnmarriedF191832Longworth, Berkshire

1861 Census Charney Manor

NameRelationMarital StatusSexAgeYear BornOccupationWhere Born
Dewe, MaryHeadUnmarriedF791782Fund HolderCharney, Berkshire
Stephens, JohnVisitorMarriedM501811Barrister in actual practiceFulham, Middlesex
Townsend, Julia AServantUnmarriedF191842House MaidAston, Oxfordshire
Franklin, MariaServantUnmarriedF201841CookKingstone, Berkshire
Ballard, JamesServantWidowerM521809GroomCharney, Berkshire

1871 Census Charney Manor

NameRelationSexAgeYear BornOccupationWhere Born
Dewe, MaryHeadF891782Berkshire
Bartlett, MaryCompanionF531818Oxfordshire
Marchant, ElizabethServantF371834Berkshire
Ball, RhodaServantF251846Wiltshire
Strange, JamesServantM231848Berkshire

1881 Census Charney Manor

NameRelationSexAgeYear BornOccupationWhere Born
Beesley, JamesHeadM311850Farmer 314 acres (Emp 8 men & 2 boys)Charney, Berkshire
Beesley, JessieWifeF321849Treddington, Gloucestershire
Beesley, CharlesSonM71874Charney, Berkshire
Beesley, Jessie MaryDaughterF61875Charney, Berkshire
Beesley, Christopher MartinSonM41877Charney, Berkshire
Beesley, Tom BarnardSonM21879Charney, Berkshire
George, EmilyServantF161865HousemaidLechlade, Gloucestershire

1891 Census Charney Manor

NameRelationConditionSexAgeYear BornOccupationWhere Born
Wash, EdwardHeadMarriedM381853Retired FarmerLynt Farm, Berkshire
Wash, MaryWifeMarriedF431848Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire
Eyston, CharlesVisitorSingleM231868Living on own meansEast Hendred, Berkshire
Clay, EmilyVisitorSingleF521839Living on own meansWestoe, Durham
Cameron, Mary AVisitorMarriedF471844Living on own meansHaughton Hall, Shropshire
Cameron, Elsie H HVisitorSingleF151876ScholarAldershot, Hampshire
Cameron, BlancheVisitorF111880ScholarBuckden, Huntingdonshire
Cameron, MaudVisitorF101881ScholarSouth Kensington, London
Cameron, Arthur HVisitorM81863ScholarLonghoo British Subject
Turner, RuthServantSingleF221869Domestic Servant CookCharlton, Berkshire
Kibblewaite, FannyServantSingleF171874Domestic Servant HousemaidKingsdown, Wiltshire

Lynt Farm, Lynt Farm Lane, Upper Inglesham. Lynt was formerly a detached portion of Coleshill parish (Berkshire) surrounded by Inglesham (Wiltshire), to which parish it was united in 1883; it traces its history back to Domesday. The farmhouse is a Grade II Listed building.

1901 Census Charney Manor

NameRelationConditionSexAgeYear BornOccupationWhere Born
Boucher, WynardHeadMarriedM441857FarmerBayswater, London
Boucher, Adele KeteyahWifeMarriedF361865Watford, Hertfordshire
Boucher, W H CSonSingleM81893Watford, Hertfordshire
Boucher, LHJSonSingleM71894Chislet, Kent
Keen, SarahServantSingleF661835Nurse DomesticFulham, London

1911 Census Charney Manor

NameRelationCondition/ yrs marriedSexAgeYear BornOccupationWhere Born
Rickards, RichardHeadMarriedM301881FarmerBlenheim, Woodstock, Oxon
Rickards, FlorenceWifeMarried (1 years)F311880Leominster, Herefordshire

1939 Register Charney Manor

NameCondition/ yrs marriedSexYear BornOccupation
Waterhouse, LucyWidowedF18 Sept 1861Householder
Towner, Emily MWidowedF22 Nov 1872House Duties

1939 Register Manor Cottage, Curtis Household

NameCondition/ yrs marriedSexYear BornOccupation
Curtis, Alcey EMarriedM10 Sept 1897Chauffeur (Handyman)
Curtis, Phyllis MMarriedF17 Aug 1903Unpaid Domestic Duties
Radesky (Curtis), Betty MSingleF20 Jan 1926At School

1939 Register Manor Cottage, Wheeler Household

NameCondition/ yrs marriedSexYear BornOccupation
Wheeler, Harold LMarriedM2 Oct 914Gardener
Wheeler, Olive MMarriedF15 May 1916Unpaid Domestic Duties